Bookkeeping versus accounting

There is some confusion over the difference between bookkeeping and accounting. This is due to the fact that two are related and there is no universal accepted line of demarcation between them.

In general bookkeeping is the recording of business data in the prescribed manner, this is the first phase. Much of the work of bookkeeper is of the clerical in nature. The sphere of accounting starts where the sphere of bookkeeping ends. Accounting is primarily concerned with the design of the system of records, the preparation of reports and the interpretation of reports. Accountants often direct and review the work of bookkeepers.